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c# split用法详解

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 2011/8/30 9:17:42 阅读次数:3120

最近因为对split用的比较多所以查了下相关资料,发现在原来split有很多功能!

以下是这里我举例一些c#中常用的spli的几种方式

1、用字符串分隔:

using System.Text.RegularExpressions;
string str="aaajsbbbjsccc";
string[] sArray=Regex.Split(str,"js",RegexOptions.IgnoreCase);
foreach (string i in sArray) Response.Write(i.ToString() + "
");

输出结果:
aaa
bbb
ccc

2、用多个字符来分隔:

string str="aaajbbbscccjdddseee"; 
string[] sArray=str.Split(new char[2] {'j','s'}); 
foreach(string i in sArray) Response.Write(i.ToString() + "
"); 
输出结果:
aaa
bbb
ccc
ddd
eee

3、用单个字符来分隔:

string str="aaajbbbjccc";
string[] sArray=str.Split('j');
foreach(string i in sArray) Response.Write(i.ToString() + "
");
输出结果:
aaa
bbb
ccc
////////////////////////////////////////////////
string[] arr = str.Split("o");
//这是一个具有语法错误的语句,Split 的 separator 参数应该是 char[] 或 string[],不应是字符串。正确的示例:
string str = "technology";
char[] separator = { 'o' };
string[] arr = str.Split(separator);
////////////////////////////////////////////////////

String.Split 方法有6个重载函数:

1) public string[] Split(params char[] separator)
2) public string[] Split(char[] separator, int count)
3) public string[] Split(char[] separator, StringSplitOptions options)
4) public string[] Split(string[] separator, StringSplitOptions options)
5) public string[] Split(char[] separator, int count, StringSplitOptions options)
6) public string[] Split(string[] separator, int count, StringSplitOptions options)

下边我们通过一些实例来说明下怎么使用(以下string words = "1,2.3,,4";):
1. public string[] Split(params char[] separator)

string[] split = words.Split(new Char[] { ',' });//返回:{"1","2.3","","4"}
string[] split = words.Split(new Char[] { ',', '.' });//返回:{"1","2","3","","4"} 

2. public string[] Split(char[] separator, int count)

string[] split = words.Split(new Char[] { ',', '.' }, 2);//返回:{"1","2.3,,4"}
string[] split = words.Split(new Char[] { ',', '.' }, 6);//返回:{"1","2","3","","4"} 

3. public string[] Split(char[] separator, StringSplitOptions options)

string[] split = words.Split(new Char[] { ',', '.' }, StringSplitOptions.RemoveEmptyEntries);//返回:{"1","2","3","4"} 不保留空元素
string[] split = words.Split(new Char[] { ',', '.' }, StringSplitOptions.None);//返回:{"1","2","3","","4"} 保留空元素 

4. public string[] Split(string[] separator, StringSplitOptions options)

string[] split = words.Split(new string[] { ",", "." }, StringSplitOptions.RemoveEmptyEntries);//返回:{"1","2","3","4"} 不保留空元素
string[] split = words.Split(new string[] { ",", "." }, StringSplitOptions.None);//返回:{"1","2","3","","4"} 保留空元素 

5. public string[] Split(char[] separator, int count, StringSplitOptions options)

string[] split = words.Split(new Char[] { ',', '.' }, 2, StringSplitOptions.RemoveEmptyEntries);//返回:{"1","2.3,,4"} 不保留空元素
string[] split = words.Split(new Char[] { ',', '.' }, 6, StringSplitOptions.None);//返回:{"1","2","3","","4"} 保留空元素 

6. public string[] Split(string[] separator, int count, StringSplitOptions options)

string[] split = words.Split(new string[] { ",", "." }, 2, StringSplitOptions.RemoveEmptyEntries);//返回:{"1","2.3,,4"} 不保留空元素
string[] split = words.Split(new string[] { ",", "." }, 6, StringSplitOptions.None);//返回:{"1","2","3","","4"} 保留空元素
需要注意的是没有重载函数public string[] Split(string[] separator),所以我们不能像VB.NET那样使用words.Split(","),而只能使用words.Split(',')


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